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Such a small, pretty, yellow flower with such a great effect and then poisonous too - there is talk of the Adonis floret. Although the name is reminiscent of a rose, this plant does not belong to the rose family. Even the sight of the Adonis beauty enchants the viewer and brightens the mood.
Wanted poster about Adonis florets
- Scientific name: Adonis vernalis
- Plant family: Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae)
- Popular names: Spring florets, Bohemian hellebore, spring devil's eye, summer florets, summer devil's eye, blood eye, field florets, goat flower
- Occurrence: Eastern, Central and Southern Europe
- application areas:
- Heart problems
- Venous insufficiency
- Hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism)
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- and edema (water retention)
- Parts of plants used: Herb
- ingredients: Flavonoids, glycosides of the cardenolide type, especially adonitoxin and cymarin
The main area of application of the Adonis floret is the heart. Due to its cardioactive glycosides, the medicinal plant has a so-called positive inotropic effect. This means that the heart's strength is strengthened and at the same time the heart's action is slowed down and the circulation is stabilized. It is also used as a cardiac detective.
This is why this medicinal plant is also used for functional heart complaints together with tachycardia (rapid heartbeat, heart rate more than 100 beats / minute) and extrasystoles (heartbeats that occur outside the physiological heart rhythm). But heart problems that arise due to fear, panic or restlessness also respond quite well to treatment with Adonis florets. Furthermore, this plant has a healing effect for processing mental traumas that can be felt in the heart.
Slightly restricted heart function
Adonis florets are often used for slightly impaired heart function in patients diagnosed with NYHA I - II. NYHA means New York Heart Association, which divides heart failure into stages. Stage I means that those affected do not feel restricted under stress or have any complaints, and there is a diagnosed heart disease.
The stage II speaks for a slight restriction of the resilience, freedom from symptoms at rest and under light exertion, symptoms appearing only with greater exertion. Especially when the slightly restricted heart function occurs in connection with nervous side effects, the Adonis floret is a tried and tested remedy - but always used by experienced therapists. This medicinal plant should never be used on your own, without a doctor or naturopath.
More healing effects
Other curative effects are as follows: The Adonis floret has a venon-toning, coronary dilating effect, helps with post-infectious heart failure, for example after a flu, and also in cardiac chasing in connection with hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism).
In Russian folk medicine, florets are used for dropsy, cramps, fever and menstrual abnormalities.
The Adonis rose is used as a tincture, in finished medicinal products and as a homeopathic remedy.
The Adonis floret is well known in homeopathy. Due to its toxicity, it is only used here from dilution D4 (dilution D4 = 1: 104 = 1: 10,000). The homeopathic remedy is made from the mother tincture of freshly blooming spring adonia florets. Even in homeopathy, the medicinal plant is used on a nervous basis for heart disorders.
Because of their slightly calming effect, their areas of application are tachycardia and cardiac arrhythmias. The Adonis floret is very diuretic. In addition, the heart is a so-called projection field. This means that the complaints are often not physically explainable, but are projected onto the heart as an organ. This is called cardiac neurosis, cardiac phobia or cardiac anxiety syndrome.
Those affected often reject these names because they do not feel taken seriously. However, pain is mostly somatic and never imagined. Patients without physical findings must be taken seriously, otherwise the suffering will increase. Offering Adonis florets for relief is therefore also a help from this point of view.
The following clinical experiences with treatment with Adonis vernalis should be mentioned with regard to a study from 2009. In 57 cases, both oral and rectal use of Adonigen, an Adonis versalis preparation, was tested. In addition to its strophanthin-like effect, this remedy has a pronounced sedative effect, not only on the heart's irritation formation center, but also on the central nervous system. This is the main difference to Digitalis preparations and other second order glycosides. Examples of the use of Adonigen are the old age heart, slight congestion of the small circulation, nervous heart disorders, extrasystoles with or without hyperthyroidism.
The Adonis floret grows to 15 to 30 centimeters in size and prefers tall steppe grass and warm, dry limestone soils. In our latitudes, this plant can only be found very rarely. The gold-yellow flowers up to seven centimeters in size open towards the sun and close again when the sun goes down.
In the 16th century, Hieronymus Bock (1498 - 1544), a German botanist, discovered the Adonis floret as a medicinal plant and thought it was the Helleborus (Christmas rose) of Hippocrates. But he was wrong. Later the Adonis floret was called Pseudo-Helleborus. The scientific name Adonis vernalis is translated as follows: "Adonis" is of Semitic origin and means "Lord" and the term "vernalis" comes from Latin and means "spring". This plant is protected, it must not be collected.
Behind the name "Adonis floret" hides a myth that describes the coming and going in nature: Adonis, the son of Princess Myrrha, was the young lover of Aphrodite. However, there was still Ares, the god of war of the Greeks. This was seen as her permanent lover. Since Adonis was very pretty, there were many envious women. The jealous Persephone reported Ares of the liaison. He was also very jealous and had Adonis killed.
According to the myth, the tears of Aphrodite mixed with the blood of Adonis, from which the Adonis rose emerged. A so-called Adonis cult existed in antiquity. Here the young man was worshiped. Women celebrated Adonis festivals every year as a symbol of the retreat and awakening of nature.
No side effects are known when used as intended, but there is a very narrow therapeutic range for the Adonis florets. This means that the distance between the therapeutic dose and the amount leading to intoxication is very small. The symptoms of an overdose are cardiac arrhythmia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, fast pulse and color vision disorders. Severe poisoning can be fatal due to ventricular fibrillation.
Adonis florets are contraindicated in cases of known hypersensitivity to the active ingredient, hypokalaemia (too little potassium in the blood), existing therapy with cardiac glycosides containing digitalis, during pregnancy and lactation and also in children.
To sum up, the Adonis floret is an ancient medicinal plant, which has become very rare in our latitudes. This medicinal plant has its special area of application, the heart, and requires experience in its administration. It should never be taken without therapeutic help. (sw)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
- Urban, Helga; Nickig, Marion: Nice but dangerous: Mysterious plants in the garden, BoD, 2009
- Vonarburg, Bruno: Homeopathy Vol. 1: Colored medicinal plant guide of classic homeopathy: Magical spring, Karl F. Haug Verlag, 2005
- Madejsky, Margret; Rippe, Olaf: Remedies of the Sun: Myths, Plant Knowledge, Recipes and Applications, AT Verlag, 2013
- Bäumler, Siegfried: Medicinal Plant Practice Today: Portraits Recipes Application, Urban & Fischer, 2007
- Bäumler, Siegfried: Phytotherapy for functional heart problems, Karl F. Haug Verlag, 2007, thieme
- Prentner, Angelika: Medicinal plants of traditional European medicine: effects and uses according to frequent indications, Springer Verlag, 2017
- Crassusi, VD: Clinical experience with Adonis vernalis (Adonigen); Georg Thieme Verlag, 2009, thieme