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Stresses in working life influence life expectancy

Stresses in working life influence life expectancy



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Study shows social differences in risk of death

The life expectancy of Germans has been rising strongly for years. However, there are clear social differences. As a recent study shows, the stress of working life can affect life expectancy, although people with higher education often have more tolerable working conditions.

Poor people die earlier

Last year, British scientists published a study that showed that the life expectancy of poor and rich people is increasingly drifting apart. Earlier international studies also showed that poor people die much earlier. German experts are now also reporting on social differences in the risk of death. And in their current study, they show that working life affects life expectancy.

Significantly increased life expectancy

Life expectancy in Germany has increased significantly in the past few years for men and women.

According to a message from the University of Duisburg Essen (UDE), half of the 1960 births, if they have exceeded 65, are expected to live for 86 years (men) and 90 years (women).

The previous generation therefore lived about five years shorter.

A recent study by the UDE Institute for Work and Qualifications (IAQ) examines how life expectancy from the age of 65 is related to working life and social differences.

Women get older than men

Prof. Dr. In their work, Martin Brussig and Susanne Eva Schulz were able to show that women at 65 have a longer life expectancy than men of the same age.

In addition, people who underestimate their health or have a disability are at higher risk of mortality.

And income position and level of education also tend to be related to further life expectancy.

As explained in the IAQ report “Social Differences in Mortality Risk”, further life expectancy refers to the average number of years that a person has to live from a certain age.

In their analyzes, the experts focused on further life expectancy at the age of 65.

The goal should be to reduce workloads

According to the information, the study shows that the stresses during working life and the number of years of work can influence life expectancy in the long term.

Apparently people with higher education are often found in higher income positions and presumably also have more tolerable working conditions.

However, those who have been exposed to very high workloads die earlier.

“Existing studies show that lower incomes go hand in hand with a significantly shorter life expectancy for men; the relationship is less clear in women, but tends to be present, ”the study authors write in the IAQ report.

In a study from 2019, it was found that men aged 65 and older in the average income position have a further life expectancy of around twelve years.

“In contrast, men with a strongly below-average income position (less than 60 percent) have a longer life expectancy of only about 10 years. In the highest income group, on the other hand, life expectancy is 16 years, ”said the authors.

And: "In all income groups, women have a significantly longer life expectancy than men."

As the message concludes, the workload not only affects immediate well-being, but also appears to have an impact beyond the employment phase.

"This means that reducing workloads and promoting decent work remains a priority," concludes the IAQ team. (ad)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.


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